By F. S. Naiden
This can be the 1st book-length remedy of supplication, a big social perform in historical Mediterranean civilizations. regardless of the significance of supplication, it has obtained little awareness, and no earlier learn has explored such a lot of elements of the perform. Naiden investigates the various gestures made by way of the supplicants, the kinds of requests they make, the arguments utilized in protection in their requests, and the function of the supplicandus, who evaluates and makes a decision no matter if to satisfy the requests. diverse and plentiful resources invite comparability among the societies of Greece and Rome and likewise between literary genres. also, Naiden formulates an research of the ritual in its felony and political contexts. In developing this wealthy and thorough research, Naiden thought of over 800 acts of supplication from Greek, Hebrew, and Roman literature, paintings, and clinical resources. 30 illustrations and a map of the correct destinations accompany the textual content.
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This can be the 1st book-length therapy of supplication, an enormous social perform in historic Mediterranean civilizations. regardless of the significance of supplication, it has obtained little recognition, and no past research has explored such a lot of elements of the perform. Naiden investigates the various gestures made via the supplicants, the categories of requests they make, the arguments utilized in protection in their requests, and the function of the supplicandus, who evaluates and makes a decision no matter if to meet the requests.
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Extra resources for Ancient Supplication
Supplication is not un-Republican or undemocratic, and is not out of the question for citizens as opposed to subjects. On the battlefield, it may be the responsibility of either the commander or the warrior. Just as suppliants know where public power lies, they also know where private power lies. Again and again, they address themselves to the head of the house- 25. Cic. Lig. 37, Mil. 100, 103, Mur. 86, Planc. 102, 104, Rab. Perd. 5, Rab. Post. 48, Sest. 147—some of which might be regarded as instances of supplicatory language, not supplication.
Another kind of public act, supplications made in Greek and Roman courts, is controversial. Many scholars consider them “figurative,” and so all estimates so far have excluded them. If they were included, the total would rise again, for several dozen are attested, and many more may be assumed. If we also include a small number of acts that appear only in visual sources, mainly Greek vases and Roman coins, the total would rise still more. A treatment that covers all this evidence has several advantages.
Esar. 18-41, where it consists of disobeying orders. 90. Sg. 61. 91. 715 (Tukulti-Ninurta I). 31 (Tiglath-pileser I). 92. 27 (Tiglath-Pileser I). 93. S. C. 2–3. Other sources: Arr. An. 5, App. 9, Just. 8. Other temples: Just. 4–7. S. 1–4. 24 Ancient Supplication pre-Hellenistic Egypt, one important source, Herodotus, makes the mistake of reporting temple refuge where none existed. 95 The Egypt of the Ptolemies does, of course, provide the evidence for supplication analyzed by Woess, but this evidence concerns only the shrines of several Greek gods and of Isis and Serapis.