By Edwin Egede
This publication seeks to fill a niche within the latest literature through reading the position of African States within the improvement and institution of the regime of the deep seabed past nationwide jurisdiction (the region) and the concept that of the typical historical past of Mankind.
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Additional info for Africa and the Deep Seabed Regime: Politics and International Law of the Common Heritage of Mankind
2 (k) of the Sudanese Territorial Waters and Continental Shelf Act 1970 and Egyptian Presidential Decision No. 1051 of 1958 defining their continental shelf in line with the 1958 Convention. 28 The Optional Protocol, made up of only seven articles, was adopted on 29 April 1958 and came into force 30 September 1963 (1958) Am J Int Law 52:862–864. As at 7 March 2002, there were 14 signatories and 37 parties, including Ghana(29/4/1958), Liberia (27/5/1958), Madagascar (10/8/ 1962), Malawi (17/12/1965), Mauritius (5/10/1970), Sierra Leone (14/2/1963) and Uganda (15/9/ 1964).
Asp. 23 The Continental Shelf Convention, made up of 15 articles, was adopted on 26 April 1958 and entered into force on 11 June 1964, see (1958) Am J Int Law 52:858–862. As at 7 March 2002, there were 43 signatories and 57 parties, including Kenya (20/6/1969), Lesotho (23/10/1973), Madagascar (31/7/1962), Malawi (3/11/1965), Mauritius (5/10/1970), Nigeria (26/6/1961), Senegal (25/4/1961), Sierra Leone (25/11/1966), South Africa (9/4/1963), Swaziland (16/10/1970) and Uganda (14/9/1964). asp. 24 The Fisheries Convention, made up of 22 articles, was adopted on 26 April 1958 and entered into force on 20 March 1966, see (1958) Am J Int Law 52:851–858.
In 1494 Pope Alexander VI by a papal bull, which was given legal effect through the Treaty of Tordesillas, one of the earliest attempts to codify the law concerning the sea, drew a line down a meridian of longitude through Brazil dividing the sea between Portugal and Spain. 10 This, of course, led others like the Dutch, with a concern for freedom of navigation because of their trading interests, to advocate the doctrine of the freedom of the high seas. 13 This effectively opened up the debate on whether the sea was closed seas (mare clausum) as indicated by the papal bull or whether it was open seas (mare liberum).