By Arnold J. Heidenheimer
This is a learn within the reestablishment of de mocratic celebration politics in divided and occupied Germany after the downfall of the nationwide Socialist tyranny. Its topic is the expansion of the Christian Democratic Union and the increase to energy of its chief, Konrad Adenauer. heavily linked to the luck of the German Federal Republic achieve prosperity, political and armed forces strength and the prestige of an best friend of the Western powers, the CDU has but been the topic of greatly various reviews. just like the regime with which it's linked, it suffers from the truth that for lots of observers admiration for a few German post-war achievements is blended with residual mistrust and skepticism. moreover, knowing of the CDU has been handicapped by way of pressured pictures of the forces it represents, lack of know-how approximately its inner association, and the overpowering place which its chief has accomplished in recent times. To observers either in Germany and in a foreign country the dominant Chancellor and celebration chief seems to be to overshadow either social gathering and executive with the outcome that the 1950'S, the very important interval of German reconstruction, has already been labelled the Adenauer Decade.
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Additional info for Adenauer and the CDU: The Rise of the Leader and the Integration of the Party
The conflicts within Military Government were reflected within the German parties, producing confusion and lending encouragement to ambitious younger leaders who wanted to challenge the pre-eminence of the 'administrators'. Encouraged by the public mood of the early Occupation period, which called for "new departures" and "wiping clean the slate," these groups and individuals called into question the advisability of entrusting the leadership of 'new' parties to men who had been prominent among the ruling elite of the Weimar RepUblic.
By the time provincial organizations were set up in September, a somewhat wider group of leaders had been drawn to the two closely linked executives of Rhineland and Westphalia. Among these were two Oberprlisidenten, Robert Lehr and Johannes Gronowski, two Obel'bul'gel'meistel', Konrad Adenauer of Cologne and Friedrich Holzapfel of Herford, as well as such important economic figures as Robert Pferdmenges, the banker and president of the Cologne Chamber of Commerce, Karl Miiller, Chairman of the Rhineland Chamber of Agriculture, Helene Weber, a former civil servant, and Johannes Albers and Karl Arnold, formerly executive secretaries of the Christian trade union branches in Cologne and Dusseldorf.
The formulation "Christian-Social" (Christlich-Sozial) was rejected in the Rhineland because of its association with anti-Semitic movements in Austria and elsewhere. 3 But in Bavaria this formulation was adopted and never changed. There was also some hesitancy in Catholic areas towards the word "Union," since this word had some specifically Protestant connotations, for historical reasons. In the end however the word "Union" was adopted by all party groups, with the South and West following the Berlin precedent.