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By Yu-lan Fung, Derk Bodde

The vintage chronicle of chinese language philosophical idea from the 3rd millennium to the 20 th century.

From the sage-kings of old China to the 1911 overthrow of the oldest monarchical method on the earth, chinese language philosophy has advanced and motivated colleges of idea worldwide. In an available voice, A brief historical past of chinese language Philosophy basically illuminates Confucianism, Taoism, Mohism, Yin-Yang, and extra. For these drawn to philosophy or Asian reports, this can be the best window into historic and smooth chinese language ideology.

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No matter how well this is done, however, it is just a new book. It may be read side by side with the original Lao-tzu, and may help peoFk A SHORT HISTORY ()Io' CIlINESE PlHLOSOl'llY a great deal to understand the original, but it call lIever be a sllbsti· tute for thc original. Kuo Hsiang, to whom I have already refcrred, was aile of the glcat commentators on Chuang Tzu. His comIllentary was itself a classic of Taoist literature. He j limed lhc allusiollR and mclaphorR of Chuang Tzu into a form of rcasoning and argument, and translated his poems into prose of his own.

Thereupon thc Prince was much pleased. " (Lieh-tZtL, ch. he n~tUJaI and condemns the artificial. The way of life of the fanners is to follow natme_ They admire nature and condcmn the artificial, and in their primitivity and innoccncc, they arC easily made coutent. 'I1ley desire no change, l10r can they conceive uf any change. In China there have been uot a few notable inventions or discoverics, but we often find that these were discouragcd rather Lhan cncouraged. With the merchants of a maritime country conditions arc otherwise_ They have greater opportunity to sec different peoplc with different cnstoms and different languages; they are accu~tomed to change and are not afraid of novelty.

The sixth school is the Tao-Te chia or School of the Way and its Power. The followers of this school centered their metaphysics and social philosophy around the concept of Non-being, which is the Tao or Way, and its concentration in the individual as the natural virtue of man, which is Te, translated as "virtue" but bctter rendered as the "power" that inheres in any individual thing. This group, called by· Ssu-ma Tan the Tao-Te school, was later known simply as the Tao chia, and is referred to in Western literature as the Taoist school.

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